How Can Therapy Help Scientists Cope During The Pandemic?

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought significant changes around the globe. Across the healthcare industry, scientists and other health workers are working around the clock. For over a year now, they have been working long hours under extreme pressure. After all, the science and the health industries are key sectors to resolving the global pandemic. 

However, the increasing cases can take a toll on someone’s mental wellness. The whole world is relying on scientists and healthcare workers right now. But beyond contracting the virus, how can the pandemic affect these professionals?


The Mental Health Of Healthcare Workers

Mental well-being is indispensable for everyone. It matters regardless of your age, gender, citizenship, and occupation. Different groups are consistently fighting to end the stigma across the globe. However, many people tend to forget that healthcare workers need to manage their personal welfare, too. 

Some civilians think that healthcare workers are emotionless. On the job, these professionals need to maintain a calm and reserved demeanor. However, they are not robots; they are also human beings. And humans can feel sad, hurt, and pressured by this situation. They feel the same emotions as everyone else.

If you’re a scientist working in a healthcare or research facility, you are more likely to be infected with the virus. With the ongoing rise of the more contagious Delta variant, the worries you feel can be overwhelming. On top of your day-to-day responsibilities, you may have so many thoughts running in your head. You might be thinking: How can I manage all the anxiety I am feeling right now?

You pursued a career in science for a reason. Perhaps you are fascinated with biology and the human body. Maybe you want to revolutionize the healthcare system. Or you want to be in service to others. Whatever your motivation is, bear in mind that you cannot act on it properly if you are not healthy. This applies to both your physical and mental well-being. If you find it challenging to take care of yourself mentally, it may be time to seek the aid of a therapist.

It’s okay not to feel okay, especially in these challenging times. But, remember: You are not alone. Are the negative thoughts in your head overwhelming you? Remember that therapy is here to help. Read on to find more about how therapy can help scientists cope with the pandemic.

Helping You Understand Your Stress

Studies show that over 50% of healthcare workers are at higher risk of mental disorders during the pandemic. They are susceptible to more illnesses, including depression, insomnia, anxiety, and acute traumatic stress. Working in the science and the health industries is stressful and physically demanding. Furthermore, it is a perilous line of work. You cannot function well on the job if you’re mentally unhealthy.

So, how can therapy help? Sometimes, just talking to someone will help relieve the burden. Therapists can do more than lessen the weight you carry. They will help you understand your feelings. Moreover, they will assist you in identifying your problems and finding solutions. And right now, the number one obstacle you may be facing is stress.


What can you expect during your sessions? Your therapist may ask you different questions about your life. This step is imperative in helping them understand you better. If you’re wondering, there is no need to worry about your privacy. Just like physicians, these licensed mental health professionals will conduct sessions with confidentiality. 

The first goal you may have is finding the root cause of your stress. It is important to identify the problem first before thinking about solutions. Working as a healthcare worker is already a stressful job. Furthermore, the panic you feel about the safety of your loved ones can contribute to the stress you’re feeling. Once you have established what is causing your stress, it’s time to discuss answers. 

Helping You Build Resilience

People in the science and the health industries expose themselves to the virus every day. Because of this, providing high-quality output is extra challenging. Moreover, some individuals, including Black or Asian ethnicities, may be at higher risk for adverse outcomes. As a front liner, you are not the only person at risk to top it all off. You are also risking the health of those around you. These are only a few of the considerations you face daily as a scientist. 


Dealing with these issues every day requires strong willpower. Finding ways to keep your resolve is crucial. What happens if your tenacity shakes? It can affect personal wellness and decrease the quality of your outputs. Furthermore, it can lead to a domino effect on your family, co-workers, and the general population relying on your expertise.

This is where therapy comes in. With consistent counseling, you can find ways to cope and build your resilience. Sometimes, problems cannot be fully mitigated immediately. The best you can do is to find ways to work around or with them. With the help of your therapist, you will be able to move forward. Getting professional help is important, especially if you feel like you are unable to function well.

There are many approaches you can explore with your therapist. Among these include individual sessions, group therapy, teleconsultations, and more. Use the method that works best for you. Finally, because counseling will usually last for an extended period, you should consult with a counselor you feel comfortable with.

To Wrap Up

The development of burnout and other mental health disorders among healthcare professionals isn’t new. However, today’s unprecedented times require a stronger mindset. We don’t know when the pandemic will end. So, people from the science and the health industries tend to take care of themselves last while working to mitigate the impacts of the pandemic. But to help the people around you, your personal wellness must be a priority, too.

While you cannot control everything around you, you can still grow by focusing on the areas you can manage. Many resources are available to help you combat burnout and other issues. With the help of your loved ones and support from your therapist, you can battle mental health disorders and continue your pursuits.

Frequently Asked Questions About  Neurofeedback Therapy

Technology has helped analyze biological data to fully understand the life around us, including our bodies. It plays a significant role in terms of health. With it, we get access to cures for existing illnesses. At the same time, we get to identify different kinds of diseases that can impair the quality of life of humankind.

Nowadays, the number of cases of chronic illnesses are on the rise. The World Health Organization has included mental diseases in this category due to their long persistence and draining effects. Current medical research has given more light to the mechanisms of various conditions like anxiety. 


Anxiety is a common disorder that is a subjective psychological experience. Its symptoms include excessive worrying, trouble focusing when doing tasks, insomnia, and fatigue. Chronic anxiety, and the stress that results from it, can activate immune and inflammatory mechanisms that promote disease progression.

Commonly found co-morbidities in people with chronic anxiety include irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). 

Another common chronic mental illness is post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is a mental health disorder that may occur to people who have experienced or witnessed excruciating events like accidents, violence, and death.

Symptoms may appear anytime: after a month, or it can be years after the traumatic experience. The intensity and frequency of these symptoms vary per person. It all depends on the nature of the triggering memory or emotion.

With the increasing understanding of these illnesses comes an increase in the demand for effective, long-lasting, drug-free, and non-invasive treatments. 

An alternative approach used to regulate anxiety and reduce PTSD symptoms is neurofeedback therapy. There has been evidence for the effectiveness of brain-specific alterations brought by neurofeedback therapy in controlling anxiety. 

In PTSD, exposure-based therapy is currently one of the most effective treatments. 

However, a significant number of patients back out of this treatment. The constant exposure to the traumatic triggers can often be unbearable for the patients. 

Neurofeedback therapy is a promising novel treatment that bypasses the need for harsh stimuli for treating PTSD. Below are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about neurofeedback therapy if you have questions regarding this approach.

What is Neurofeedback therapy used for?

Neurofeedback therapy can address various dysregulation of the brain. Therapists typically use neurofeedback as an intervention for conditions such as anxiety, depression, ADHD, behavioral disorders, autism, emotional disturbances, brain damage, etc.

Currently, there are an estimated over 15,000 practitioners who are using this therapy method in their practice.

Aside from its medical application, neurofeedback also has non-medical applications. It helps improve performance and accuracy in sports, arts, music, and dancing.

Does neurofeedback therapy really work?

Many studies have noted the effectiveness of neurofeedback therapy as a treatment for various conditions. Furthermore, being a non-invasive procedure, it is readily available for use. However, like other therapy methods, neurofeedback has its clinical limitations and cons.

Since it requires multiple sessions to achieve optimal performance, it may take several months for its effects to show. It’s also important to note that neurofeedback effects are not long-term and will need regular sessions for effects to be evident.

Can neurofeedback be harmful?

In general, neurofeedback results in little or no harmful or adverse effects. While some report experiencing side effects, these side effects are not dangerous and eventually subsides after some time. It happens as a part of the transition process from the procedure.

Also, note that manifestation of neurofeedback side effects are more frequent when you have pre-existing neurological conditions. In such cases, make sure to inform your provider about your condition before undergoing treatment.

Does insurance cover neurofeedback therapy?

Many health insurance plans now include neurofeedback therapy in their coverage. However, in most cases, the insurance coverage would only be applicable for a selected list of conditions. It varies from different companies and insurance plans.

You may check with your insurance provider and confirm their coverage details on neurofeedback.

Who needs neurofeedback?

People with brain-related, cognitive, and behavioral conditions can benefit from neurofeedback therapy. It is helpful for all ages, from children, adolescents, adults, and seniors suffering from cognitive loss.

Thousands of individuals with neurological and medical conditions have benefited from the powerful intervention of neurofeedback. Therapists also use neurofeedback as an adjunct intervention along with other therapy methods.

Can I do neurofeedback at home?

Nowadays, there are a variety of mobile neurofeedback systems you can use in the comfort of your home. Some neurofeedback providers would rent their software units to clients. In this process, you will only need to send your sessions to your therapists for feedback.

There are also neurofeedback systems that use EEG sensors available for purchase in the market. However, note that these are not as effective as the units used by therapists.


How quickly does neurofeedback work?

Neurofeedback results typically happen gradually as you undergo multiple sessions. Sessions for neurofeedback usually last an average of 20 weeks,  typically conducted once-a-week. For most cases, you will see initial progress within 15 sessions of the therapy.

Note that different people react differently from neurofeedback sessions. Hence, some patients may require fewer sessions, and others may need more.

Does neurofeedback really work for anxiety?

Studies have shown that undergoing neurofeedback therapy results in statistically significant improvement of anxiety symptoms. These studies show that neurofeedback training results in reduced anxiety for the majority of cases.

The parts of the brain responsible for generating anxiety symptoms are the amygdala and prefrontal cortex. What neurofeedback does is to regulate the connectivity between these two, resulting in controlled and reduced anxiety.

What happens during a neurofeedback session?

During a neurofeedback session, your therapist will instruct you to sit in a chair. They will then attach electrode sensors to your scalp, which will read the electric signals generated by your brain.

Using an EEG program, your therapist will assess the information about your brainwave frequencies. Thereafter, it will start to direct your brainwave activity towards a more controlled pattern.

How many neurofeedback sessions are needed for anxiety?

Neurofeedback sessions for anxiety typically require around 20 sessions. Within these 20 sessions, your brain gets 72,000 repetitive brain network exercises as the feedback occurs every half second. This process enables you to reshape the networks of anxiety in your brain.

What is the best neurofeedback system?

There are a variety of available neurofeedback systems. Do note that the best system would vary on your condition. You have a wide range of choices from one sensor, two sensors, multi-sensor, 19 sensors or more, LoRETA neurofeedback, etc. The prices of these neurofeedback systems also vary depending on its range of functions.

Starting with a two-sensor system will enable you to gauge the process and evaluate if the process is fit for you.

Can neurofeedback help with weight loss?

Neurofeedback can help stabilize your physical and emotional health towards a balanced state. This includes your appetite and cravings. Neurofeedback can train your brain to develop and control your body’s feeling of hunger and fullness.

Furthermore, the procedure can help you deal with weight loss positively by reducing negative thoughts in your mind.

What is the difference between biofeedback and neurofeedback?

It is easy to get confused with the differences between biofeedback and neurofeedback. But in essence, neurofeedback is a subcategory of the broader biofeedback. While biofeedback monitors the body’s physiological process, neurofeedback focuses on observing the brain’s activity.

Moreover, while biofeedback only provides visual observation, neurofeedback actually works directly to “train” your brain.

How much does RenuYou cost?

RenuYou’s neurofeedback sessions cost an average of $80 to $100 every session. While they offer various payment plans, it’s not typically covered by insurance. They recommend undergoing an average of 40 sessions to achieve the desired results and effectiveness of the neurofeedback process.


In summary, neurofeedback therapy is a promising alternative method to treat mental illnesses without drugs and unnecessary distress.  It is a subcategory of biofeedback that concentrates on observing brain activity using electrodes and sensors. In contrast, biofeedback checks the physiological processes of the human body. 

People experiencing cognitive and behavioral conditions due to afflictions on the brain can benefit from neurofeedback therapy. It can supplement treatments that target dysregulation in the brain, including anxiety and PTSD. It has been clinically studied and has shown effectiveness in many research.

Interestingly, it can also train your brain to control your appetite and cravings. Therefore, it can also help tremendously in weight loss.

As with many non-invasive treatments, neurofeedback results occur gradually after several consistent sessions. It usually takes place at least once a week in about 20 weeks. This therapy brings little to no unwanted side effects. If there are any, side effects are temporary and not threatening. 

Some insurance plans now cover payment for neurofeedback therapy. It is best to contact your insurance provider for more details. 

Recent advances in technology have enabled mobile neurofeedback more accessible. Some therapists rent out their software so patients can use them at home. After use, patients will only need to send back the therapy session data for feedback.

Meanwhile, there are different neurofeedback systems available for various conditions. There is the one-sensor, two-sensor, multi-sensor, LoRETA neurofeedback, and more. 

RenuYou’s neurofeedback sessions can cost an average of $80 to $100 per session. It is highly recommended to undergo about 40 sessions to achieve its benefits. RenuYou offers various payment plans that can accommodate any of your needs. 

Because of its effectiveness and long-term benefits in managing anxiety and PTSD symptoms, neurofeedback therapy is an alternative approach worth exploring. Just be sure to consult first with your therapist.

The Online World And Mental Health


The online world is a source for everything and anything. Clothes, furniture, education, food, your name, and most probably the internet can give it to you in one click of a button. With all these amazing things you find on the internet, it can be hard to compete with the trends and the many people doing e-commerce. So, if you are starting a business online, or maybe you want to work online, then you have to think ahead, and you have to be as creative as possible. This way, you can get ahead and catch as much attention as you need.

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Things You Need To Know About Biohacking


fitness, athlete, workout, exercise, training, fit, healthy, sport, lifestyle, body, person


The 2019 Biohacking Conference was a day of learning and experiencing a personal transformation for the organizers, influencers, and other attendees of the three-day event. The exhibits, interactive workshops, and question and answer portions from the audience to the speakers were mostly what made the atmosphere very interesting and quite educational. Individuals who experienced first-hand how they became ‘upgraded humans’ were there to inspire and share their success stories, most of which were incredibly amazing.

Biohacking is not something that everyone knows about and actually recognizes. It is new in the field of science and society. So this article will be dedicated to discussing what it really is, among other things.

Biohacking Defined

Fundamentally, biohacking is the practice of modifying one’s physiology and chemistry through scientific techniques and self-experimentations in order to improve and energize one’s body. It is quite general, but it is because the concept is always changing. It encompasses making dietary and lifestyle changes that help your body function better, as well as using wearable technologies to assist you in monitoring your physiological data. It can even include utilizing implants and genetic engineering.

There are countless possibilities, but the bottom line is that one can change his body and brain to become smarter, faster, and better human beings.

Biohacking Your Diet Through IF

Eating more superfoods and doing intermittent fasting can make a big difference in optimizing our health. A lot of experts have turned to IF to help their clients achieve optimal health. It has not only proven to help lose fat but gain energy and muscle as well. Intermittent fasting is not like the usually prolonged fasting that is not practical for most people. It provides little in-betweens, an eating habit that you follow every day that will help you reap many benefits of a true fasting lifestyle.

Chicken, Brussels Sprouts, Tomatoes, Lunch, Meal, Food


This has something to do with a fed state and fasted state of your body and how these two pushes your body to provide a balance in digesting and absorbing nutrients and boosting your metabolic rate. Biohacking through fasting also lowers blood sugar, enhances brain function, and prevents cancers, among others.

Biohacking Your Bones

When you reach the mid-30s, there is a 2% loss in bone density of women every year, which progresses for the next years following menopause. This makes them more at risk of suffering from osteoporosis. And although men’s bone density loss is relatively slower, they do lose bone mass up until they reach 65. This problem led to the invention of OsteoStrong, a non-pharmaceutical means of enhancing bone density, balance, and strength and is one of the few biohacking techniques.

OsteoStrong uses a spectrum system that is part of a new classification of devices known as the Robotic Musculoskeletal Development system or RDMS, and each of these devices enables you to attain forces in excess of 5 to 12 times your body weight. The system does aim to increase bone density and muscle strength in ways that cannot be achieved by working out in the gym, but the results will seem like you have been to the gym. Clients who have tried this claim that they have seen an estimated 12% increase in bone density yearly.

Ways To Biohack At Home

Drink Caffeine. Caffeine is a popular productivity booster, and if you haven’t been used to drinking coffee, then you can start with a cup of black coffee, dark chocolate, or green tea. Have one of these at the same time daily, and journal how it’s been making you feel after taking it. Do you feel more energized? More anxious? Do you feel restless?

You can also try drinking coffee with a biohacker twist called bulletproof coffee. This contains medium-chain triglycerides that are known to boost energy and help you lose weight.

White ceramic cup with black coffee


Try The Elimination Diet. This is simply what the words really mean. You decide what to get rid of from your daily meals for, say, a few weeks, and then gradually introduce them again to check if these foods affect your body negatively or positively. This is best if you are an allergic-type of person, or if you suspect that some types of food may cause you to itch, or some parts of your body to swell.

The best way to do this is to first eliminate one or two kinds of food from your diet fully. Continue for two weeks and then slowly reintroduce what you have eliminated back into your diet. Once you’ve done this, watch out for rashes, pain, body malaise, diarrhea, or stomach pains, which may mean that those foods trigger your allergies.

Exposure To Blue Light. Blue light can be acquired from the sun, and it improves cognitive function. You can reap its best benefits by exposing yourself for a few hours to the sun every day. Start with three to six hours, or whatever is comfortable for you. Then observe the changes.

Remember, though, that sunlight consists of the same blue light that we also get from our phones and computers, which keep you awake by interrupting your sleep-wake cycle. Also, keep in mind that you must wear sunscreen lotions when you’re out in the sun to protect yourself from sun damage.



A Quick Introduction To Bioinformatics

Among all the education summits that I’ve been to, the 2017 Bioinformatics Conference is my favorite. From the title itself, you could tell that the primary topic was bioinformatics—one of the subject matters that I’d been studying for years.


A lot of people in my circle already asked why I insisted on showing interest in such a complicated field. After all, any scientific area seems challenging for a higher number of folks, but bioinformatics belongs in the same category as quantum physics, organic chemistry, etc. In short, it looks extra tricky at first glance.

My only response to such comments is, “You have not given bioinformatics enough attention to know if it’s too much.” Although there is no question about its level of difficulty, the subject is also too interesting to set aside. Here are a few factors that may make you look at bioinformatics in the same way that I do.

What Is Cool About Bioinformatics?
The coolest thing about this scientific field is that it is a hybrid of sorts. You need to be excellent at mathematics, engineering, and computer science to be able to make anything out of the data that you will get.


Why Is Bioinformatics Useful?
Bioinformatics is useful because it allows scientists to identify a person’s genetic traits and use the information to cure or prevent diseases. This is why a lot of pharmaceutical companies want to hire experts in this field of science. With the biological information in their hands, the professionals can figure out what makes someone prone to specific illnesses and how they can be avoided.

How To Prepare For Bioinformatics?
Bioinformatics requires you to learn about biological sequencing, genetics, statistics, and computer programming. These are merely the first topics that you need to go through before even getting an opportunity to analyze and interpret data.

In The End

It is safe to say that bioinformatics is not for the faint at heart. It calls for utter focus and dedication; you can’t let any precise detail get past you. However, if you genuinely want to know more about it, attending seminars is an excellent start.

What Science Tells Us About Stress

Many people keep on saying that they are stressed out, exhausted, and anxious because of everything that is happening in their lives. However, not all of them can define what stress is. It is the conclusion that a group of psychologists made after conducting their study that tackles the impact of stress on many people. According to them, many individuals claim that they are under a lot of stress when in truth, and fact, they only feel uncomfortable. Is it proper to say that stress can be equated to lack of comfort?


In today’s article, we are going to discuss the different concepts of stress under science. Our primary goal is to educate everyone about what stress means, as well as its signs and symptoms. We also want to share with everyone the ultimate causes of why people feel this negative emotion. Most importantly, at the end of this post, we aim to provide our readers with the top techniques that can help one eliminate the stressors in his life.


Stress can be defined as a state where the human body reacts to any change or circumstance that it encounters and one that requires a particular response, reaction, or adjustment. Stress can be affected by the physical, emotional, and mental responses that a person gives to every situation that he experiences. When a person is under a lot of pressure or is too anxious because of his environment or emotions, then the said individual may be under a lot of stress. When a person is stressed, the base of the brain releases hormones called cortisol and adrenaline. William R. Klemm, PhD, wrote, “Chronic high levels of cortisone change the neural circuitry that regulates its release.”


Signs And Symptoms

One of the common signs of stress is experiencing a racing heart. When a person suffers from too much stress, his heart will start to the race, which ultimately makes him paranoid or anxious about everything. Guy Winch, PhD, wrote, “Anxiety can make us feel so restless, uncomfortable, and incapable of concentrating.” Aside from this, there is also a high possibility that the said individual will be in a bad mood that can make it difficult for other people to deal with him. Experiencing too much stress can also lead to weight gain. It usually takes place because a stressed person will become inclined to eat more as he can look at food as a source of happiness.


Another common symptom of stress is difficulty in sleeping. No matter what a person does, he will find it challenging to get a good night sleep even if he is too exhausted from the day’s work. It is one of the reasons why many individuals end up purchasing sleeping pills to help them rest during stressful days and nights. Having constant headaches or migraines can also be an indication that a particular person is under stress.

Treatment And Other Techniques

Fortunately, there are several ways on how one can battle stress. If you believe that you are under constant stress, we highly recommend that you familiarize the items listed below:

  1. Keep Your Cool – Do not get mad when things do not happen the way you want them to be. Keep in mind that everything is temporary, which means that you can still do something about every situation. Try to control the way you react to certain circumstances that come your way. Ryan M. Niemiec, PsyD, wrote, “Use your strengths of critical thinking and hope to look at any negative situation in a fresh way.” Be smart enough to know how to handle your emotions.
  1. Exercise Regularly – Make time for physical activity, no matter how busy you are at work. Take note that exercising can do a lot of wonders for your body. It will not only increase your energy to continue all the activities you want to complete for the day. At the same time, it can also put you in a good mood, thereby limiting your stress.


  1. Have A Balanced Diet – Not everyone knows this, but the truth is that your food intake can affect your mental health. Because of this, it is best if you will try to be in a healthy lifestyle. Be wary of what you eat so that you can help yourself achieve a state of excellent mental wellness. Keep your meal plans full of choices that are rich in fiber and nutrients.


  1. Meditate – Look for a serene place where you can chill and relax. This place must enable you to quiet your mind and go deeper to your soul. The beautiful thing about meditation is that it only requires at least ten minutes a day. What is essential is to achieve a state of mindfulness, and you are good to go.

Stress is a mental health issue that you need to handle well. Be smart enough to eliminate all the stressors in your life.

Dealing With Stress And Anxiety 101

Have you noticed that stress and anxiety are now part of your day-to-day life? Do you always find yourself feeling exhausted even if you have gotten the right amount of rest? Are you constantly afraid of the future or how things will unfold in your life? If you answered yes to all these, then it is time for you to learn the different ways on how you can deal with the stressors in your life. At the same time, you need to master the various techniques on how to handle anxiety or panic attacks in case you have one.


Below are the top strategies to remember:

Think Of A Happy Memory

The moment you start to feel a little down, the best thing that you can do is to remind yourself of a happy memory. Think of someone or an experience that can surely make you smile. For example, a parent who is tired at his work in the office can feel instantly happier the moment she starts to remember her child who is left at home. The mere thought of her beloved kid can already cheer her up. All you have to know is to be aware of the thoughts that make you happy and keep on visualizing them so that you can manifest the happy thoughts.

 Learn When To Stop

Are you aware that you are the only one who can control how things will unfold in your life? Andy Tix, PhD, wrote, “In order to respond effectively to life stressors, we must realize we have at least some control—if nothing else, over our attitudes.” If you feel that everything has become overwhelming, it is best if you will choose to quit. Give yourself a chance to be happy and try something new. An excellent example of this is getting stuck in a job that you do not like. The moment you realize that your profession is no longer in line with your life’s goals and principles, then the best option that you have to choose is to hand in a resignation letter. Do not be afraid to click the stop button and start anew.


Take A Break If Necessary

Keep in mind that there are days when all you need is a breather. Just because you are already stressed or anxious about your work or business does not necessarily mean that quitting is the best choice. Sometimes, all it takes is to choose to avail of a break from your usual routine and invest your time in relaxation. Do not be afraid to travel to a new place if it means regaining your self-confidence and love for what you do. Aside from this, you can also stay at home and sleep the entire day if it is what will make you feel relaxed. Do whatever it takes to unwind. Margarita Tartakovsky, MS, wrote, “Daily habits are vital in staving off stress, and coping with it.”

Make Exercise A Part Of Your Day

No matter how hectic or busy you are with work or with a business, it is ideal if you will spend a part of your time in engaging in physical activities. Susan Biali Haas, MD, wrote, “Physical exercise is an excellent way to reduce stress.” As much as possible, make an effort to live a healthy lifestyle. Take note that everything you do at this aspect in your life can have tons of advantages in the future. A study shows that exercise can help the body to release dopamine or a substance that is often called as happy hormones. This is why you can notice an improvement in your mood and mental health whenever you engage in physical activities or exercises.

Let It All Out

Make it a habit to talk to other people about what you feel and think. Remember that you have to let all your emotions out so that it will not consume all of you. If you are comfortable with opening up to a close friend, all you have to do is to call your best friend and discuss everything. On the other hand, if you feel awkward in addressing your issues to friends, the best option available for you is to seek professional help. Look for the best therapist in your area so that you can have someone to talk to regarding your feelings and thoughts. Take note that your cooperation is highly essential to make this arrangement work.


Do not let anxiety and stress beat you down. Instead, find a way to turn it into something positive. follow the strategies enumerated above the best experience.

Gene Therapy For Deficiency Treatment

We all have different genes, and it makes us who we are. It creates a distinction of our appearance in all aspect. That’s the reason why we differ in height, we have different eye colors, and we have unique skin types, and so on. Our genes hold the answers to our differences. But what if a part of our gene went missing? What if it gets defective? Or what if it mutates and changes into something we don’t know? It can inevitably cause a disease such as cancer and cystic fibrosis. Also, according to Traci Stein Ph.D., MPH, “This post may be of most significant interest to those who have been diagnosed with one of the mental health issues linked to having an MTHFR mutation, such as depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or autism.” With that, we need to understand what gene therapy is and how it works.


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Physiognomy: Real Or Pseudoscience?

Have you ever encountered a stranger and thought, “That guy must be from a wealthy family”? What made you assume that? Something in their outward appearance must have given you that idea. Was it their clothes? The way they carried themselves? Their unusual social manners? Or was it their facial features?

You might think it’s silly to check a person’s character based solely on their physical appearance. But scientists have been studying this practice for some time now. It even has a name to it—physiognomy.

“The first impressions we form about other people based on their facial appearance influence important social outcomes. They influence who we choose as friends and lovers, who we choose to hire and fire, and even who we vote for,” Benedict Jones Ph.D. points out.

What Is Physiognomy?

Physiognomy is the act of determining temperament and character from outward appearance. In the physiognomic process, one studies other people’s physical features. With the gathered data, one identifies that person’s personality traits.

The practice of physiognomy has existed since ancient times. Pythagoras picked his students based on how skilled they appeared. Even Aristotle’s works made physiognomic assertions. “Most people today find these ideas fanciful. Yet, research suggests that people do subscribe to a naïve physiognomy,” Alexander Todorov, Ph.D.

A few examples are as follows: People with large heads were mean. Those with broad faces were stupid. Those with round faces were courageous.


Later in history, people wrote entire books on the subject. Cesare Lombroso, an Italian criminologist, and physician, wrote L’uomo Delinquente (“Criminal Man”) in 1876. It contained the author’s beliefs and theories about criminology. To him, criminals are born, and their deviant behavior stems from inherited characteristics. Studying certain parts of a person’s anatomy helped detect these tendencies.

Another book is Aristotle’s Masterpiece by the Pseudo-Aristotle. The author wrote it in 1986. “Displaying the Secrets of Nature, Relating to Physiognomy” was the label of the third part of the book. It delves into the different parts of the body and how they help in determining a person’s character. It documented twelve different types of noses and what it revealed about one’s personality.

According to Gwen Sharp, PhD, “These pseudosciences were taken quite seriously at the time, with “experts” showing that Africans and African Americans, for instance, had facial features that proved them to be less civilized and intelligent than those of European descent and that Jews were inherently deceitful.” The literature on the topic has been scarce since the nineteenth century. Scientists tend to dismiss physiognomy as pseudoscience due to its lack of scientific bases. To them, there is no legitimacy to its methods. 

However, it has recently been the focus of a research paper. The paper does not only talk about the uses of physiognomy. It puts it to the test.

A Study From 2016

Xiaolin Wu and Xi Zhang published “Automated Inference on Criminality using Face Images” in November of 2016. It talks of a machine’s ability to differentiate between a criminal and a non-criminal.

The researchers fed photos of criminals and non-criminals to the machine and waited to see if it sorted them correctly. It would follow four different methods. The results showed that the accuracy of all four methods in distinguishing between criminals and non-criminals was relatively high. The most accurate one acquired a rate of 89.51 percent.

Based on the gathered data, the researchers were able to pinpoint three critical areas for determining criminality. These three areas were the eyes, the mouth, and the philtrum.


After they made the conclusions, the researchers stated that they wished to dissuade people from depending on physiognomy. The results of the test are highly accurate. However, one cannot make such a huge generalization based on a single experiment.

Many problems arise from this experiment. Critics of Wu and Zhang argued that the machine’s algorithms could not be wholly objective. After all, it was humans who created it and its processes. It’s entirely possible for it to carry the same biases as its creator.

Additionally, the sample photos used for the experiment were all Chinese. It would be unwise to make a sweeping statement based on such a limited sample size.

Real Or Pseudoscience?

Physiognomy is tricky. The line between legitimate findings and discrimination based on sex and race is thin. How does a researcher know when he or she has crossed the line?

Because physiognomy is so challenging to study, scientists tend to veer away from it. Its notoriety as a supposed pseudoscience makes it even more undesirable as a topic of research. Besides, no one wants to receive accusation of racism, sexism, or any discrimination when they put out the results of their experiments.

Whether this field of study is a legitimate science is an unanswered question. Its methods follow the scientific method, but the claims that it puts forward seem exaggerated. The evidence of its legitimacy hinges on flimsy arguments.

Until scientists discover a direct link between physical characteristics and mental character, many will see physiognomy as pseudoscientific.

Regardless of its infamy, physiognomy is still a field worthy of study. Humans will always have the urge to understand themselves. To do this, we categorize ourselves based on color, sex, and personality type. Physiognomy offers another form of classification.


We should study physiognomy. By doing so, we can find out if it is a process that holds merit or if it indeed is a pseudoscience that ought to be cast aside and forgotten.