Computational Psychiatry: An Avenue Towards Understanding Mental Health Issues

Psychological health problems such as bipolar disorder, depression, and anxiety have been prevalent since the late 2000s. It was then recognized by society as a significant cost of change in the biological sciences. As a result, it gave way for the development of computational psychiatry in the medical field.

What Is Computational Psychiatry?

Along with the progression of biological technologies, biologist and researchers were able to study more about a person’s mental health by calculating terms related to the psychological symptoms and neurobiology of a brain. Computational psychiatry helps in the prevention and prediction of the consequences of various symptoms in the person’s overall mental state.  Rogers Silva, PhD says, “to make more accurate inferences about diseases, causes, and what features would be good for a diagnostic.”

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Dr Rick A Adams and collaborators explain, “Computational Psychiatry aims to describe the relationship between the brain’s neurobiology, its environment and mental symptoms in computational terms.” As a process of formulating mathematical patterns and prototypes, it facilitates the determination of the relationship between the human brain, overall cognition, and the environment. It is also an instrument used to detect what causes the manifestation of mental health disorders in a person. Models were built for the modification of concentrates and cells that aids in the exploration of solutions for mental disorders like depression and anxieties.

How Does Computational Psychiatry Help?

For medical practitioners, most mental health problems are challenging to cure. Some patients undergoing traditional drug medications and treatments still experience a number of unwanted effects. That’s why scientists have concluded that these treatments are still in the process of uncovering more reliable explanations for the said mental disorders.

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According to Martin P. Paulus, M.D. and co-authors, “Computational psychiatry has already led to many new insights into the neurobehavioral mechanisms that underlie several psychiatric disorders, but its usefulness from a clinical standpoint is only now starting to be considered.” In this case, computational psychiatry serves as the bridge towards understanding mental health issues and finally finding the best treatment option for patients. So, how does computational psychiatry help the medical field?

  1. Computational Psychiatry Provides Approaches

Data-driven approach and theory-driven approach are the two approaches you can adapt from computational psychiatry. The data-driven approach evaluates the mental disorder with the aid of machine-learning mechanism. It involves the high definition of extensive information to foresee what treatment is appropriate. Meanwhile, the theory-driven approach uses patterns to represent previous learning to analyze the mental disorder.

  1. Computational Psychiatry Predicts Pharmaceutical Response In Depression

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Computational psychiatry does not only provide a mechanism for identifying the appropriate treatment for mental health disorders. It also anticipates the response of the treatment to the patient. This helps doctors to calculate the number of trials that patients will undergo. For example, most patients only require a single trial for antidepressant medicine, but others may need numerous tests before finally reacting to the treatment.

  1. Computational Psychiatry Understands The Relation Among The Symptoms

Aside from providing a framework in monitoring the symptoms of mental disorder, computational psychiatry also aids in the understanding of the symptoms relationship. They do it by analyzing the interaction of the results and diagnosis from the patient. It is the key to visualizing the network of effects in the patient’s recovery from the mental disorder.

Indeed, a lot of innovative treatments have arisen throughout the past years, and one of these is the computational psychiatry. This mechanism of treatment is the result of more extensive studies conducted towards understanding the mental health issues experienced by the most individual. The field of biological and medical science has a long way to go in supporting patients with mental health disorders. If you would like to know more about computational psychiatry, do not hesitate to browse more of our page or ask any clinician experts nearby you.

Relevance Of Bioinformatics In Our Daily Lives

Bioinformatics is a very complicated and challenging word for an ordinary person to understand, much more complex in its study.  And what most of us are not quite aware of is that bioinformatics has been very useful in our everyday living.  Our lives and our future depended so much on the study of bioinformatics.

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Role Of Computer Modeling And Simulation In Modern Medicine (Finding Methods To Prevent And Cure Diseases)

Cell membranes of bacteria continue to evolve and multiply.  With this evolution, functions of the surface membranes change also.  They tend to have higher survival value, developing a protective and functional wall.   This allows the cell to determine how it will respond to the environment.  This then led to these bacteria to stop responding to prescribed antibiotics as the treatment for the disease.  Scientists are trying to find new methods to counter this.

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CRISPR, The Gene Editing Tool (Where Would It Lead Us?)

Our world is now facing the challenges of rare diseases that are caused by faulty genes. Allen J Frances, MD, wrote, “Different genotypes (patterns of genes) produce different phenotypes. A few medical illnesses are phenotypes that are the downstream result of an aberrant allele of a single gene that produces a malfunctioning protein. For example, Huntington’s disease is caused by an abnormal protein called huntingtin produced by a single defective gene. If you have the gene, you will get the illness.”

Even major psychiatric disorders have a genetic component. “Anxiety disorders, PTSD, OCD, and major depressive disorder are about 20-45% inherited, alcohol dependence and anorexia nervosa are 50-60% inherited, whereas bipolar disorder, autism spectrum disorders, schizophrenia, and ADHD are upwards of 75% inherited,” wrote Emily Deans, MD.

Studying genetics is not just for physical diseases and disabilities. Rebecca A. Housel, PhD, said that “genetics are increasingly important in the study of mental health.”

Revolutionary technology has been very busy in finding the cure to these genetic disorders and scientists are leaving no stone unturned.

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